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MOWAG Piranha IIIH

Armored personnel carrier

Piranha IIIH

The Swiss MOWAG Piranha IIIH armored personnel carrier has a composite armor suite

 
 
Entered service 1999
Crew 3 men
Personnel 8 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 18.5 t
Length 6.96 m
Width 2.85 m
Height 2.66 m
Armament
Machine guns 1 x 12.7-mm
Mobility
Engine MTU 6V182 TE22 diesel
Engine power 400 hp
Maximum road speed 105 km/h
Range 600 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.6 m
Trench 2 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m

 

   The Swiss MOWAG Piranha vehicles of third generation first appeared in 1996. It was proposed with 6x6, 8x8 and 10x10 configurations. These had higher payloads and gross vehicle weight than the Previous Piranha II family of vehicles. Also Piranha III were better protected and had improved mobility.

   The Piranha IIIH is in service with Denmark (22) and Ireland (80). Denmark was the first customer of the Piranha IIIH vehicles. In 1997 a contract was signed to deliver 22 armored vehicles. First production vehicles were delivered in 1999. In 2001 11 of the Danish Piranha IIIH vehicles were deployed in Kosovo. Ireland was the second country to order these armored vehicles. The first contract for 40 vehicles was signed in 1999. These were delivered between 2001 and 2002. Later a follow-up contracts were signed in 2003 and 2005 for 25 and 15 vehicles respectively.

   The Piranha IIIH has a composite armor suite. At the time of its introduction it had the highest level of protection comparing with previous Piranhas and LAV series vehicles.

   The Piranha IIIH could be fitted with various weapons, depending on customer requirement. A baseline armored personnel carrier is typically fitted with remotely-controlled 12.7-mm machine gun and coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun, or 40-mm automatic grenade launcher. Some of these APCs are armed with a manually operated weapons. A number of versions were proposed, fitted with turrets and 25-mm or 30-mm cannons.

   Vehicle is operated by a crew of 2 or 3. It can carry 8-9 fully-equipped soldiers. Troops enter and leave the vehicle via rear doors. There are roof hatches for observation, firing and emergency exit.

   The Piranha IIIH has a front-mounted engine. Five engine options were available. These were the German MTU 6V182 TE22 developing 400 hp, Swedish Scania DSJ9-48A developing 400 hp, American Caterpillar 3126 developing 350 hp, American Detroit Diesel 6V53TA developing 350 hp, and British Cummins 6CTAA8.3-T350 developing 350 hp.

   Amphibious capability was optional. These APCs had a trim vane and were propelled on water by two waterjets. Maximum speed in water was about 10 km/h. However it seems that amphibious version received no production orders.

   The Piranha IIIH can be airlifted by a C-130 Hercules tactical transport aircraft.

 

Variants

 

   Baseline armored personnel carrier. Its armament is typically limited to 7.62-mm, 12.7-mm machine guns, or 40-mm automatic grenade launcher. Depending on customer requirements these weapons can be controlled manually, or remotelly;

   Various armored personnel carriers, armed with turret-mounted 25-mm or 30-mm cannons. Sometimes these are referred as reconnaissance vehicles;

   Armored ambulance;

   Armored repair and recovery vehicle;

   Command post vehicle;

   Armored bridgelayer;

   MOWAG Piranha IIIC, a newer version of the Piranha IIIH. It has different engine and suspension. First production vehicles were delivered in 2007. Even though it is broadly similar, the Piranha IIIC received much more production orders. Well over 600 vehicles were delivered to a number of countries;

   LAV III Kodiak, a Canadian version of the Piranha IIIH. It is locally produced by General Dynamics Land Systems. It entered service with Canadian armed forces in 1999 and is used as a primary mechanized infantry vehicle. In turn the Kodiak is the basis for the US Stryker.

 

Video of the MOWAG Piranha IIIH armored personnel carrier

 
Piranha IIIH

Piranha IIIH

Piranha IIIH

Piranha IIIH

Piranha IIIH


 
Piranha IIIH

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