Country of origin
2004 - 2005
Dimensions and weight
Weight (with add-on armor)
~ 15 t
~ 6.45 m
25 mm cannon
2 x 7.62 mm
1 320 rounds
Detroit Diesel 6V53T diesel
Maximum road speed
~ 100 km/h
Amphibious speed on water
8 ~ 10 km/h
~ 600 km
of armored vehicles was adopted by the US Marine Corps back in 1983.
A total of 758 8x8 LAVs of all variants were ordered and fielded. The LAVs first
saw combat in 1989 during operation in Panama. These vehicles were
widely used during various other military conflicts. In 2004-2005 a
Service Life Extension Program was initiated by the US Marine Corps
in order to keep these armored vehicles operational. LAVs in
service have undergone some upgrades including add-on armor tiles,
powerpack enhancements, upgraded suspensions and some other
modifications. Upgraded vehicles are known as LAV-A2.
However despite all improvements these lightly armored vehicles are
showing their limitations on modern battlefield.
In 2018 a
SuperAV armored personnel carrier was selected as a winner of
Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) program, which called for a LAV
series replacement. This new 8x8 armored vehicle has significantly
improved ballistic and mine protection. It has a crew of 3 and can
carry up to 13 Marines. The ACV can self-deploy from amphibious
assault ships and swim significant distances from ship to shore. A
contract was awarded to for the delivery of first 30 production
vehicles. More ACVs will be ordered in the near future. It is
planned that first production ACVs will enter service in 2019-2020.
These will be produced at BAE Systems plants in the United States.
However upgraded LAV series armored vehicles are expected to remain
in service with the US Marine Corps until at least 2024.
is armed with a turret-mounted 25 mm Bushmaster chain gun. The same
weapon is used on the
Bradley infantry fighting vehicle. At the time of its
introduction the original LAV-25 was a well armed vehicle, however
today many modern armored personnel carriers are also fitted with
20-30 mm automatic cannons. The baseline LAV-25A2 is basically an
armored personnel carrier. It combines speed, mobility and firepower
to fulfill a variety of missions. The US Marines use it for combat
and reconnaissance roles, including raiding and screening operation.
So it is not just a an armored troop transport like many other
armored personnel carriers. Dismounts are supported by the firepower
of the vehicle.
upgrade introduced add-on armor kit, upgraded fire control system with a new thermal
sight and eye-safe laser rangefinder.
armament consists of a coaxial
M240 7.62 mm machine gun and another
M240 machine gun, mounted on top of the turret roof. There are also eight smoke
are fitted with add-on armor kit, which covers turret, front arc,
sides and some areas of the roof. Additional shielding was added to
machine gun position of the turret. Interior of the vehicle was
fitted with a spall liner, which minimizes damage once the armor is
penetrated. So ballistic protection has been improved. Front arc of
the LAV-25A2 withstands hits from 14.5 mm armor-piercing rounds.
Front arc of the original LAV-25 could withstand only 12.7 mm
rounds. All-round protection is against at least 7.62 mm
armor-piercing rounds, as well as artillery shell splinters. So
ballistic protection of the LAV-25A2 is now similar to that of the
which is used by the US Army.
special kit improved protection from mine blasts and improvised
explosive devices. The original LAV-25 was never designed to be a
mine resistant vehicle and recent military conflicts revealed that
mine protection is very important.
suppression equipment has been upgraded. The LAV-25A2 uses an
automatic fire suppression system. Also it has an NBC protection
system. Hydraulics drive of the turret have been replaced with
Such upgrade significantly improves post-penetration survivability,
as the hydraulic drives contain flammable liquid.
has a crew of 3, including commander, gunner and driver, and
accommodates 6 Marines. Soldiers enter and leave the vehicle via
rear doors. Also there are roof hatches for observation, firing and
vehicle is powered by a Detroit Diesel 6V53T turbocharged diesel
engine, developing 275 hp. Engine is mated to an Allison automatic
transmission with 5 forward and 1 reverse speeds. Suspension has
been improved in order to cope with increased weight of the vehicle.
This armored vehicle has selectable 8x8 or 8x4 configuration. On
hard surface roads it uses 8x4 configuration for better fuel
efficiency and longer range, while 8x8 configuration is normally
engaged on difficult terrain. The LAV-25A2 is equipped with a
central tyre inflation
system and run-flat tyres. A self-recovery winch is fitted as
standard. Mobility of this armored vehicle allows to move in advance
of Marine mechanized formations, equipped with
Abrams main battle tanks.
increased armor and weight the LAV-A2s are
amphibious with minimum of preparation and are capable of fording
streams, rivers and inland waterways. On water it is propelled by 2
waterjets, located at the rear.
vehicle is air-transportable
C-130 Hercules or larger military transport aircraft and can be also
carried underslung by the
CH-53E Super Stallion helicopter.
In 2018 the LAV-25A2 havd been certified as air-droppable. During
the same year the US Army borrowed LAV-25A2 vehicles from the US
Marines as a stopgap solution in order to support its airborne
forces. These armored vehicles provide reconnaissance and fire
support for paratroopers until a more suitable and more heavily
armored vehicle is available. The LAV-25A2 is smaller than the
C-17 heavy transport can carry 4 of them instead of 3. Currently
the LAV-25A2 is the only armored vehicle in US military service that
can be airdropped from an airplane and has a weapon larger than a
12.7 mm heavy machine gun.
a baseline armored reconnaissance vehicle version, described above.
sometimes referred as LAV-ATM A2, is an anti-tank missile carrier. It is upgraded version of the
It is fitted with a new rocket launcher and uses
anti-tank guided missiles. Target acquisition has been improved. So
overall anti-tank capabilities of the LAV-AT have been improved
significantly. Testing of the LAV-ATM was completed in 2017 and it
was fielded shortly afterwards.
LAV-M is a
mortar carrier, fitted with an 81 mm mortar. It was also upgraded to
the A2 standard.
recovery vehicle. Underwent upgrades to the A2 standard.
carrier. This logistics vehicle carries ammunition and other
battlefield supplies under armor. Underwent upgrades to the A2
command and control vehicle. Upgraded to the A2 standard.
electronic warfare vehicle. Upgraded to the A2 standard.
a further upgrade. In 2019 a contract was awarded to upgrade automotive components
of the LAV fleet. Initial contract was for 60
upgrade kits that should be installed by 2021. The upgrade kit
includes improvements to the powerpack and new drivetrain.