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EFV

Amphibious infantry fighting vehicle

EFV | Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle

The Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle is expected to enter service in 2010

 
 
Entered service -
Crew 3 men
Personnel 17 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 34.5 t
Length 10.7 m
Hull length 9.3 m
Width 3.7 m
Height 3.3 m
Armament
Main gun 30-mm cannon
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Ammunition load
Main gun 600 rounds
Machine guns 2 400 rounds
Mobility
Engine MTU MT-883 Ka523 diesel
Engine power 850 / 2 700 hp
Maximum road speed 72 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 46 km/h
Range on land 523 km
Range on water 120 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.9 m
Trench 2.4 m
Fording Amphibious

 

   The EFV or Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle was previously known as the AAAV or Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle. This new IFV is intended to replace ageing fleet of AAV7 amphibious armored personnel carriers. The EFV was intended for deployment by US Marines in 2010. Over 1 000 of these vehicles were planned to be built. However no orders were made on this combat vehicle and it seems that the whole programme was cancelled due to limited funding. Currently US Marines are looking for a cheaper wheeled amphibious armored personnel carriers.

   The Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle is launched at sea from amphibious assault ships. It is self-deploying and can carry 17 fully equipped troops or supplies ashore. It is intended for a forced entry into the semi aquatic areas and provide firepower support. Other functions of the EFV include guarding checkpoints, escorting convoys and patrolling.

   The EFV has twice the armor of the AAV7. Vehicle has aluminum hull with built-in composite armor at the front. It protects crew from 14.5-mm armor-piercing rounds and artillery fragments. Great attention was paid to mine-blast protection. It is also fitted with mine-blast protected seats. Vision blocks are fitted with built-in laser protection. The Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. Enhanced armor plating can be attached to the hull if necessary.

   Firepower of the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle is also superior to its predecessor. It is armed with a fully-stabilized MK44 30-mm high-velocity cannon. It fires two types of rounds. Vehicle fires accurately on the move, or afloat at stationary or moving targets. It has 90% hit probability at 1 200 meters range. It is capable of defeating most of light armored vehicles. Two types of rounds are fired by the main gun. Secondary armament consists of single coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun.

   Vehicle has a crew of three and can carry 17 fully equipped troops. Troops enter and leave the vehicle through the rear ramp or roof hatches.

   The Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle is powered by German MTU MT-833 Ka523 multi-fuel diesel engine. It has two operation modes and develops 850 horsepower on land and 2 700 hp on water. Vehicle is also completed with auxiliary power unit, powering all systems, when the main engine is turned off. This vehicle has cross-country performance at least equal to the M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks and can keep up with them once inland. On water Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle is propelled by two waterjets. Hull of the EFV has an actuated bow flap to avoid planing. Vehicle is fitted with active hydropneumatic suspension, which retracts road wheels once the vehicle is in the water. It has three times the speed in water of the AAV7.

 

Variants

 

   EFV(P) amphibious infantry fighting vehicle with capacity for 17 troops;

   EFV(C) amphibious armored command vehicle, carrying command and control electronics, but lacking 30-mm cannon.

 

Video of the EFV amphibious armored personnel carrier

 
EFV | Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle

EFV | Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle

EFV | Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle

EFV | Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle

EFV | Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle

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