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Mine resistant ambush protected vehicle

Buffalo MRAP

The Buffalo MRAP is a dedicated mine clearing vehicle, used for route-proving

Entered service 2003
Crew 2 men
Personnel 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (curb) 20.56 t
Weight (max) 36 t
Length 8.2 m
Width 2.6 m
Height 4 m
Engine Mack ASET AI-400 diesel
Engine power 450 hp
Maximum road speed 105 km/h
Range 485 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 1 m
Fording 0.9 m


   The Buffalo mine resistant ambush protected vehicle was developed by the Force Protection Inc. It is a specialized route clearance vehicle, used for route-proving and to dispose discovered mines, IEDs and other explosive hazards. The Buffalo is based on the South African Casspir. It is classed as the Category III MRAP vehicle. Unites States currently operate 200 of these vehicles. It is also in service with Canada, France and the United Kingdom.

   Thie armored vehicle has a V-shaped hull, that directs the force of the blast away from the occupants. The Buffalo can withstand a blast of 21 kg of TNT equivalent under any wheel or 14 kg anywhere under the hull. All-round protection is against 7.62-mm NATO rounds. Buffalos employed in combat zones are fitted with slat armor for additional protection against RPG rounds.

   The Buffalo MRAP has a large articulated robotic arm, used for ordnance disposal. This hydraulically operated arm is used to handle suspicious items from a distance. It is fitted with an armed day/night video camera. Crew can safely investigate anything the arm can reach. The robotic arm is used to probe, remove or place destruction charges near possible landmines.

   This MRAP vehicle has a crew of two and provides accommodation for four engineers. Occupants enter and leave the vehicle through the rear doors or roof hatches.

   Despite its South African roots, the Buffalo is fitted with American automotive components. It is powered by a Mack diesel engine, developing 450 hp. This engine can also run on jet fuel, however at a loss of performance. Buffalo is fitted with run-flat tyres and central tyre inflation system. Vehicle can be airlifted by the C-17 transport aircraft.


Video of the Buffalo MRAP mine clearing vehicle


Buffalo MRAP

Buffalo MRAP

Buffalo MRAP

Buffalo MRAP

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