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Airborne combat vehicle


The BMD-3 airborne combat vehicle can be paradropped with all the crew inside

Entered service 1990
Crew 2 men
Personnel 5 + 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 12.9 - 13.2 t
Length 6.36 m
Hull length 6.1 m
Width 3.11 m
Height 2.45 m
Main gun 30-mm cannon
ATGW Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel)
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm, 1 x 5.45-mm
Grenade launchers 1 x 40-mm
Engine 2V-06 diesel
Engine power 450 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 10 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 1.8 m
Fording Amphibious


   Combat use of the BMD-2 airborne combat vehicle in Afghanistan revealed that an combat vehicle with a two-man turret would perform more efficiently. Furthermore the BMD-2 was too light for a 30-mm cannon and the whole hull was swinging while firing. Significant improvement of the BMD-2 was impossible as its improvement capabilities were already outgoing. Consequently a new BMD-3 airborne combat vehicle was developed and entered service in 1990. Currently only about 120 vehicles are in service with the Russian airborne troops. The BMD-3 will be produced in large numbers as newer and more advanced designs are being proposed.

   The BMD-3 has a redeveloped hull featuring a better armored protection.

   The BMD-3 has a similar turret used on the BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle, mounting a 30-mm cannon. A Konkurs (Western reporting name AT-5 Spandrel) anti-tank guided missile launcher has four reload missiles and can engage main battle tanks.

   Secondary armament consists of a coaxial 7.62-mm MG. Additional 5.45-mm machine gun is mounted in front of the hull and there is also a 40-mm AG-17 automatic grenade launcher. Over 500 rounds are carried for the grenade launcher, of which 280 are ready to use.

   The BMD-3 can carry five fully equipped troops, but in case of emergency 8 troops can be carried. Two of them are provided with a firing ports and vision blocks.

   This airborne combat vehicle is powered by a 2V-06 diesel engine, developing 450 hp. It has a hydropneumatic suspension with variable height control, which also allows the vehicle to lean in any direction. Such suspension also allows the vehicle to be paradropped on platforms.

   This vehicle is amphibious and fords water obstacle afloat. The BMD-3 is very seaworthy and can take damage while afloat. Even if 30 percent of its displacement is filled with water vehicle will still keep on floating. Furthermore it is fitted with pumps, pumping out the breaching water. Propulsion on water is provided by two waterjets.

   The BMD-3 airborne combat vehicle can be paradropped with all the crew inside, thus saving time for the assembly on the battlefield.




   RKhM-5 nuclear, biological and chemical reconnaissance vehicle. First vehicles were produced and delivered to Russian airborne units in 2009;

   2S25 Sprut-SD light tank;

   BMD-4 airborne combat vehicle. It is a further development of the BMD-3, fitted with significantly more powerful armament.


Video of the BMD-3 airborne combat vehicle





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