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Armata

Heavy infantry fighting vehicle

Armata heavy IFV

The Armata is one of the most protected infantry fighting vehicle in the world

 
 
Country of origin Russia
Entered service ?
Crew 3 men
Personnel 6 ~ 7 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 42 t
Length ?
Width ?
Height ?
Armament
Main gun 30-mm
ATGW 4 x Kornet-M
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Ammunition load
Main gun 500 rounds
ATGW 4 missiles
Machine guns 2 000 rounds
Mobility
Engine A-82-2 diesel
Engine power 1 200 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 70 km/h
Range ~ 550 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.8 m
Trench ~ 2.8 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m

 

   The Armata is a new Russian heavy infantry fighting vehicle. It is also referred as the T-15. Its development commenced in 2011. This heavy IFV was developed as a part of armored vehicle family. It is based on the same platform as the Armata main battle tank. First mock-up or prototype was completed in 2013. During the same year it was revealed to Russian military officials. Trials of this heavy IFV commenced in 2014. It was first publicly revealed in 2015. A first batch of pre-production vehicles was delivered in 2015. It was planned that initially 12 vehicles will be delivered. These pre-production heavy IFVs were built for the 2015 Victory Day Parade. After the parade vehicles returned to the manufacturer for improvements and further testing. Its full-scale production could begin within the next couple of years.

   It seems that this heavy IFV is intended only for specialist combat teams. Recently another Kurganets-25 new-generation infantry fighting vehicle was developed for the Russian Army and will be used as a standard infantry carrier.

   The new Armata heavy IFV is way better protected than the BMP-1, BMP-2 and BMP-3 IFVs, used by the Russian Army. Recent conflict revealed that older IFVs, such as BMP-1 and BMP-2 are very vulnerable to pretty much all anti-tank weapons. Today these vehicles are not that efficient on the battlefield. It seems that Armata heavy IFV has similar level of protection as Armata main battle tank. Exact technical specifications of this heavy IFV remain classified.

   The T-15 Armata heavy IFV has an unusual layout with a front-mounted engine. It is worth noting that Armata tank has a rear powerpack arrangement. It became an issue for designers in order to make a troop compartment in the rear part of the vehicle. So the heavy IFV has a swapped front end with the rear. It is driving backwards comparing with the original Armata MBT. Such solution has already been used on some main battle tank conversions to heavy armored personnel carrier. In order to protect a weaker armor of the engine compartment, a distinctive arrow-shaped armor was added to the front part of the vehicle.

   It has been reported that this armored vehicle is operated by a crew 3 men, including commander, gunner and driver. Crewmembers are located in the center of the vehicle, behind the front engine compartment. Troop compartment is located at the rear. It is unknown how many passengers this vehicle can carry. It is likely that this heavy IFV accommodates 6 to 7 dismounts. Troops egress and dismount via rear power-operated doors.

   The T-15 Armata is one of the most protected, if not the most protected IFV in the world. It seems that in terms of protection it is superior to most heavy armored personnel carrier and heavily-armored vehicles such as German Puma IFV.

   It has newly-developed base armor, made of steel, ceramics and composite materials. Also it has Malakhit add-on explosive reactive armor, that is claimed to be of new generation. A front-mounted engine provides additional protection. As usual this armored vehicle is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. It has been reported that it will be fitted with new Afganit active protection system. It also has a new countermeasures system that reduces the chance of being hit by enemy ATGWs with semi-automatic guidance.

   Due to its superior armor protection the Armata heavy IFV can carry infantry into battle and provide direct fire support on modern battlefield. It can be deployed on the battlefield alongside Armata tanks, not behind them. Recent conflicts revealed that in combat IFVs are usually kept in a safe distance from enemy firing line due to their vulnerability to anti-tank weapons.

   This new Russian vehicle outguns most current troop carriers, based on tank chassis. It has unmanned turret, armed with 30-mm cannon, coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun and 4 Kornet-M anti-tank missile launchers. The same turret is also used on the Kurganets-25. The cannon has an effective range of up to 4 km. There are 500 rounds for the main gun, including 160 armor-piercing and 340 high-explosive fragmentation rounds. Missiles have a maximum range of 8 - 10 km and can also target helicopters.

   It has been reported that this armored vehicle is powered by an A-82-2 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 1 200 hp. It is a new-generation engine that is much more compact than previous Russian tank engines. Engine is located at the front and provides additional protection. Vehicle has 7 roadwheels. This heavy IFV has a built-in self-entrenchment blade and can briefly prepare itself a firing position.

 

Variants

 

   BMO-2 is a proposed specialized heavy armored personnel carrier. It is a dedicated transporter for flamethrower squads, armed with RPO-M (Shmel-M) portable infantry flamethrowers. It has less space for the dismounts, but carries 42 portable infantry flamethrowers.

 

Video of the Armata heavy infantry fighting vehicle

 
Armata heavy IFV

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Armata heavy IFV

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Armata heavy IFV

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Armata heavy IFV

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Armata heavy IFV

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Armata heavy IFV

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Armata heavy IFV

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