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Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot

Ground attack aircraft

Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot

Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoots flew some 60 000 combat sorties in Afghanistan

Entered service 1981
Crew 1 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 15.35 m
Wing span 14.52 m
Height 5.20 m
Weight (empty) ~ 11 t
Weight (maximum take off) 19.3 t
Engines and performance
Engines 2 x MNPK Soyuz/Gavrilov R-195Sh turbojets
Traction (dry) 2 x 44.13 kN
Maximum speed 950 km/h
Service ceiling (unloaded) 7 km
Range 1 000 km
Range (with external fuel tanks 1 850 km
Combat radius 400 km
Cannon 1 x 30-mm cannon with 200 rounds
Missiles Vikhr M anti-tank guided missiles, Kh-29T TV-guided missiles, Kh-25ML and Kh-29L laser-guided missiles, Kh-35 anti-ship missiles, Kh-58U and Kh-35P anti-radar missiles. R-27R, R-77 and R-73 air-to-air missiles for self-defense.
Bombs KAB-500Kr laser-guided bombs, KMGU-2 submunitions dispensers, 250-kg and 500-kg cluster bombs and 50- to 500-kg FAB series GP bombs


   The Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot remains the mainstay of Russian shturmovoy (ground-attack) regiments. The type is broadly analogous to the US A-10 but has been matured into a more sophisticated warplane.

   The T-8 prototype made its first flight on 22 February 1975, but type was comprehensively redesigned before series production was authorised. Su-25s flew some 60 000 combat sorties in Afghanistan and this experience led to a range of modifications applied to production aircraft from 1987. Su-25s were also heavily committed to support Russian interventions in Chechnya.

   The need for an all-weather and night capable Su-25 with increased range/endurance and survivability led to the Su-25T. This is based on the airframe of the Su-25UB two-seat trainer version with the humped rear cockpit faired over. An early batch of 20 Su-25Ts was built during 1990-1991 in Tbilisi (Georgia). Production was subsequently transferred to Ulan-Ude (Russia). The first Russian-built Su-25T flew in 1995; the variant has since been redesignated Su-25TM or Su-39.

   Unusually, the TM carries its Kopyo-25 radar externally in a pod under the fuselage. The 20 Georgian-built Su-25Ts have been upgraded at Ulan-Ude to Su-25TMs. Su-25UBs are similarly being upgraded as Su-25UBMs.

   The Russian Air Force currently operates about 250 Su-25s and is upgrading around 80 to Su-25SM standard using some of the systems developed for the Su-25TM. These will have nose-mounted Kopyo radars. The Su-25SM3 Grach is the latest version. First upgraded aircraft were delivered in 2013.

   The Su-25 will reportedly play a major role in the rapid-deployments groups that are being formed in each of the Russian Federation's six military districts. The units will have four Su-25TMs and 12 Su-25SMs. The Su-25TM is offered for export as the Su-25TK.

   Many former Soviet republics gained the Su-25 regiments stationed on their territory on break up of the Soviet Union. Such operators comprise Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Georgia (Abkhazia), Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan (in storage) and Uzbekistan. Export Su-25K operators are Angola, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, North Korea, Peru and Slovakia.


Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot

Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot

Sukhoi Su-25UB Frogfoot two-seat trainer

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