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Mikoyan MiG-27

Ground attack aircraft

Mikoyan MiG-27 Flogger

The Mikoyan MiG-27 tactical attack aircraft was developed from the MiG-23 interceptor

 
 
Mig-27M (Flogger-J)
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service 1987
Crew 1 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 17.08 m
Wing span 13.97 m spread, 7.78 m swept
Height 5 m
Weight (empty) 11.9 t
Weight (maximum take off) 20.6 t
Engines and performance
Engines 1 x MNPK Soyuz R-29B-300 turbojet
Traction (dry / with afterburning) 78.45 / 112.77 kN
Maximum speed 1 885 km/h
Service ceiling 14 km
Combat radius 540 km
Armament
Cannon 1 x 30 mm six-barrel rotary cannon
Missiles Kh-23 (AS-7 Kerry), Kh-25ML (AS-10 Karen) and Kg-25MP (AS-12 Kegler) air-to-surface missiles, Kh-28 (AS-9 Kyle) anti-radar missiles
Bombs tactical nuclear bombs, FAB series free-fall bombs or retarded bombs

 

   The MiG-23B was developed from the MiG-23 interceptor in the late 1960s to meet a Frontal Aviation requirement for a tactical attack aircraft. The series production MiG-23BN variant proved disappointing in service. Since 1975 it was replaced by a more capable MiG-27. Western reporting name for this ground attack aircraft Flogger.

   The MiG-27 was developed as a fully optimized fighter-bomber based on the MiG-23BM ground attack aircraft. It was capable of automatic night or bad weather blind bombing with a very high degree of accuracy. Along with the Su-17, the MiG-27 formed one half of the mainstay of the attack force of Tactical Frontal Aviation armies. Between 1991 to 1994 both types were withdrawn from Russian service.

   By 2001 significant operators were Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Cuba, India and Libya. Algeria's aircraft received an avionics upgrade by a Bulgarian firm. Lesser operators were Angola, Ethiopia and Sudan. During border clashes with Eritrea in 1998 two Ethiopian MiG-23s were lost to ground fire.

   India was a major operator of the MiG-27. This country acquired its first MiG-27 ground attack aircraft in 1984.  In India Hindustan Aeronautics has manufactured 165 MiG-27Ms under license (known by MiG as MiG-27Ls). These equipped 7 squadrons. In 1999 Indian MiG-27s took part in Kargil War. In 2005 Hindustan Aeronautics substantially upgraded two squadrons. Phasing out began in 2017. India retired its last MiG-27 fighters in 2019 after 35 years of service.

   The only current MiG-27 operators are Kazakhstan (with three attack regiments). It operates the MiG-27M (Flogger-J) variant fitted with PrNK-23M nav/attack system, Pelenga weapons system giving compatibility with precision guided munitions and guided air-to-surface missiles and a Klen (maple) laser range-finder/target tracker.

 

 

 
 
Mikoyan MiG-27 Flogger

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Mikoyan MiG-27 Flogger

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Mikoyan MiG-27 Flogger

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