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Ilyushin Il-76 Candid

Long-range transport aircraft

Ilyushin Il-76 Candid

The Ilyushin Il-76 is a first Soviet four-jet heavy transport designed to fly strategic military cargos

Entered service 1974
Crew 7 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 46.59 m
Wing span 50.5 m
Height 14.76 m
Weight (empty) 72 t
Weight (maximum take off) 190 t
Engines and performance
Engines 4 x PNPP 'Aviadvigatel' D-30KP turbofans
Traction 117.68 kN
Maximum speed 850 km/h
Service ceiling 15.5 km
Range (with 20 t payload) 7 300 km
Range (with maximum payload) 3 650 km
Maximum payload 50 t
Passengers up to 140 troops or 125 paratroops
Cannon 2 x 23-mm GSh-23L two-barrel cannon in the tail turret


   The Ilyushin II-76 Candid is a landmark Soviet-era design. Russia's first four-jet heavy transport, it was conceived and used to fly strategic military cargos into front-line air bases in the most extreme operational conditions.

   The II-76 prototype made its first flight in 1971. It was intended as a replacement for the An-12. Production commenced in 1974. The basic II-76 (NATO reporting name Candid-A) transport was built purely for military service. It saw extensive service during the Soviet war in Afghanistan. Over 800 of these cargo aircraft were built, as well as a number of specialized versions. The Il-76 is currently in service with Russia, Algeria, Belarus, China, Cuba, India, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria and Ukraine.

   This aircraft was designed to deliver heavy vehicles and machinery to remote, poorly-serviced airfields. It can operate from short and unpaved runways. The Il-76 can cope with the worst weather conditions experienced in Siberia and Arctic regions.

   The tough, dependable airframe spawned many variants - some designed to do the basic transport job even better, and others which serve as indispensable combat support roles. A bewildering array of other specialised variants have been developed for roles including mobile hospital, cosmonaut training and airborne command post, airborne laser platform and firefighter.




   Il-76M (Candid-B) is a military version of the civilian II-76T (Candid-A), with additional fuel, higher operating weights, a powered lifting ramp, full pressurization, and freight-handling equipment inside the hold;

   Il-76MD (Candid-B) is a military version to the civil II-76TD (Candid-A) with uprated D-30KP-2 turbofans to maintain performance at higher ambient temperatures, increased fuel capacity and a strengthened wing;

   II-78 (Midas) is the Russian air force's standard in-flight refueling tanker, and is fitted with three UPAZ-1 external refuelling units (one under each wing and one at the rear fuselage). When fitted with fuselage fuel tanks the II-78 can transfer up to 65 tonnes / 84 639 liters (18 618 lmp gal) of fuel at a combat radius of 1 000 km. About 50 of these aircraft were built;

   Beriev A-50 (Mainstay) is a variant developed for the AWACS role with a Shmel search radar mounted in a large rotodome above the rear fuselage. About 25 of these aircraft were built;

   Beriev A-60 airborne laser testbed. Two of these aircraft were built, however little is known about this project, which is still classified.


Video of the Ilyushin IL-76 transport aircraft


Ilyushin Il-76 Candid

Ilyushin Il-76 Candid

Ilyushin Il-76 Candid

Ilyushin Il-76 Candid

Ilyushin Il-76 Candid

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