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HAL Tejas

Lightweight multi-role fighter

HAL Tejas

The Indian HAL Tejas fighter is expected to reach full operational capability in 2010



Entered service ?
Crew 1 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 13.2 m
Wing span 8.2 m
Height 4.4 m
Weight (empty) 6.5 t
Weight (maximum take off) 14.5 t
Engines and performance
Engines 1 x General Electric F404-GE-IN20
Traction (dry / with afterburning) 53.9 /  85 kN
Maximum speed 1 990 - 2 376 km/h
Service ceiling ~ 16 km
Range 3 000 km
Combat radius ?
Armament
Cannon 1 x GSh-23 23-mm twin-barrel cannon (220 rounds)
Missiles Astra, R-77 (AA-12 Adder), R-73 (AA-11 Archer) air-to-air missiles; Kh-59, Kh-35, Kh-31 air-to-surface missiles
Bombs FAB-500T, OFAB-250-270, OFAB-100-120 free fall bombs; RBK-500 cluster bombs; KAB-1500L laser-guided bombs

 

   The Indian Tejas (Radiance) is a lightweight multi-role fighter, developed by Aeronautical Development Agency and manufactured by HAL. The Tejas made it's maiden flight in 2001 and limited production of this aircraft commenced in 2007. Development was finally completed in 2013. The Tejas is expected to enter service with the Indian Air Force and gradually replace the ageing fleet of MiG-21s, MiG-23s, MiG-27s, Jaguars and Mirage 2000s. However currently it's production status is uncertain.

   The Light Combat Aircraft or LCA programme was launched back in 1983. It was intended to develop a completely indigenous fighter, which would replace the Soviet MiG-21. At that time the MiG-21 was a mainstay of the Indian Air Force. In 1984 the Aeronautical Development Agency was established to manage the LCA programme. The first technology demonstrator was completed in 1995, however it was grounded due to troubles with flight control system.

   It is a delta wing design, powered by a single engine. Composite materials are widely used in the airframe to keep the weight down. These aircraft will be powered by General Electric F404-GE-IN20 as an interim powerplant, until the GTRE GTX-35VS Kaveri turbofan becomes available. Other engines might also be fitted. Both of these engines are fitted with afterburners. The Tejas is fitted with fly-by-wire control system and multi-mode radar.

   The HAL Tejas multi-role fighter can carry a wide range of weapons, mainly of Russian origin. Aircraft is fitted with eight under-wing and under-fuselage hardpoints. Maximum capacity is over 4 000 kg of external ordnance and fuel. It can carry Astra, R-77 (AA-12 Adder) beyond visual range and R-73 (AA-11 Archer) short-range air-to-air missiles. Air-to-surface missiles include the Kh-59 with TV or laser guidance, Kh-35 or Kh-31 anti-ship missiles. Aircraft can also carry various bombs, including cluster or precision-guided. It is fitted with a single twin-barrel 23-mm cannon.

   A two-seat conversion trainer is under development. It is reported that Indian Air Force has requirement for 200 single-seat fighters and 20 two-seat conversion trainers.

   The Light Combat Aircraft (Naval) or LCA(N) is a naval version of the Tejas. It a two-seat naval aircraft made it's first flight in 2012. A single seat naval multi-role fighter is currently under development. Indian Navy might order 40 of these aircraft to replace the Sea Harriers. These are expected to enter service until 2016.

 

Video of the HAL Tejas lightweight multi-role fighter

 

 
HAL Tejas

HAL Tejas

HAL Tejas

HAL Tejas

HAL Tejas

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